According to the new UN report, death of children on or before age of five was nearly 22% in 2012 while it reduced to 18% in 2017. The mortality rate is decreasing continuously in India and for the first time, it is below the one million mark.
In fact, the gender gap in child survival has downed more than four times compared to the world records. Mortality rate of girl child having age of five or below was more than 10% in 2012 while being nearly 2.5% in 2017. The death rate of under-five age group in India is 39 per 1000 which is equal to the global child mortality rate. The decline is much faster in India as compared to the world, according to reports.
Another released report by the UNICEF says that around 6.3 million children died in 2017 before their 15th birthday and in that figure, 5.4 million children were below the age of 5, and half of the deaths were of newborn babies. On the global scale in 2017, sub-Saharan Africa was marked for half of the total deaths of under-five year children and 30% in Southern Asia.
The ratio high in rural areas
The ratio of such deaths is high in rural areas as compared to the urban. One in every 13 children died in sub-Saharan Africa, while it was one in 185 children in high-income areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Another factor is education; the ratio of death is higher for babies of illiterate mothers as compared to those of the literate.
Laurence Chandy, UNICEF Director of Data, Research, and Policy stated that if people do not take any action, around 56 million children under five years will die from now till 2030 and most of them will be newborn babies. Simple solutions like clean water, vaccines, medicines, electricity, etc. can save children dramatically as many of them die during birth or after, due to ailments such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, etc.